Hindu Religion, although has no proper defnition, but it simply reffered as Sanatana Dharma meaning "religion of the Vedas," an eternal Law, it is a way of living a peaceful life and self belief. It is in itself related to the unions of resons and institition, so it cant be definied but just can be experienced. Its belief is in reincarnation which is determined through Karma. It has no hard and fast rules for any Individual, every one is free to preach and pray the way he likes. Hinduism did not originate from a single person, a single book, or any defined time. The foundations of this oldest surviving religion were laid by ancient rishis (sages), who taught their disciples the eternal principles of life they had discovered through their meditations. Hindu Dharma is essentially a religion of principles based on teaching of ancienent Rishis and Munis. People are connected through its deep rooted cultural and scriptures. A Hindu can be a born Hindu only.

Hinduism is the world’s oldest religious tradition and has no single founder. It is the world’s third largets regligin. The formost most authority texts are the Vedas & Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, epics of Mahabharatra and Ramayana. Bhagwat Gita is called a sum up of the spritual teaching of vedas spoken by Krishna.


BASICS OF HINDU RELIGION

Hindu scriptures teach that an individual is essentially atma clothed in a physical body. In a human body atman is the source of the mind and is immortal and divine. There are two principles associated with atma, the bound and the liberated principal. The bound prinicipal is associated with a physical body, which is mostly related to Maya, greed and materialistic world. The liberated principal is get rid of this materialistic world and attain Moksha which is to attain spirituality.


Concept of God

The concept of God is diverse, although Many gods and avtars exist in Hinduism but people are devoted to a single god or couple of gods and avtars, while same time accepting the existence of other Gods and Avtars.

The Gods whos are the supreme are called by different names, the single name given to all the gods and avtars are, Ishwar, Bhagwan, etc, the main focus is based on three gods , the Brahama, Vaishnav and Shiva and the main purpose is to get hold of atama which is the ultimate indistinct form of god – the supereme soul and reasons for Muksha – the liberation from births and re-births. The Hinduism is based on the Principal of Creation, preservation and destriction, this accounting it to Nrahama, Vishnu and Shiva. Lord Brahma brings forth the creation, Lord Vishnu maintains the universe and Lord Shiva represents the principle of destruction.


Beliefs

Since Hindusism is ethnic and cultural diversity evolved both by innovation and assimilation, so it has resulted in an enormous variety of religious traditions, ranging from innumerable small, unsophisticated cults to the major religious movements. The main themes of belief are Dharma. Samsara, karma, Moksha and Yoga.


Scriptures

The main sacred text is in Sanaskrit and Devangari. It is the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times. For many centuries before they were written down it had transformed into many teachings and expanded by differnet sages and avtars from time to time.


Practices

Hinduism is belief with no bondage, therefore Hinduism has developed numerous practices meant to help divinity in the midst of everyday life. Hindu can pray at home or in temple or at both as per his convienent timings. The temples mostly have a general icons of different gods, at home a Hindu created an icon dedicated to his / her chosen Gods. The Symbols OM, Swastika, Tilak etc are the Symbols of the assocaition with the Hinduism. Mantras, Jap etc are invocations, praise and prayers with different sounds and styles are the means of devotions, a sort of love and focus of a devotee on holy thoughts to God.


Rituals & Festivals

A western writer has expressed Indian rituals / festivals as, “ A year has 365 days but Hindus have 366 festival” All rituals / festivals are celebrated as per Hindu callender. A Hindue almost every day in one form or the other has has religious rituals.Some he adopts some he ignore depending upon his self defined prioririties. These rituals vary from individual to Individual, villages, regions, place to place and in Geneal. Every devout hindu performs his puja ( Prayer ) at dawn and dusk however still not any compulsion any time is good time. In additon to temple visit, prayers are performed at home in front of the adopeted God or avtar with a lit candle in front of the god. Meditation, devotional songs, chanting mantras and reciting scriptures are the main source of prayer. Notable feature in religious ritual is purely division between cleaness and the pollution. Hinduism has many festivals and celebrated as per the Hindu calendar. Day and dates keeps on changing every year. Other than the Homely / regional festivals there are some main festivals which are celebrated widely, such festivals are, Diwali, Dussera, Holi, Maha Shivratri, Ram Navami, Krishna Janamashtami, Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi. Other than the above great signifcance is given to Purnima, Amavsi, Ashtami in Shakulapaskh etc. These days are mostly observed by Kashmiri Pandits who Keep fast on these day. The other religions customs invlove the celebrations of at family leavels are, Birth days. Marriage, death, Shhraadh, Annaprashan, cremation, Yagni etc, Yognipavat etc.


Important Pilgrimage

Taking a pilgrimage to any Shrine or Holy city is the dream of Every Hindu, the main pligramage centres are: Amarnath, Chardham, Allahabad , Varanasi, Haridwar, Mathura & Vrindavan, Puri, Rameshwaram, Dwarika, Tirupati, Vaishno Devi, Kumb Mela, Kailash Mansarovar, Nasik, Ujjain, Goodavari,

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